Girl Scouts are always prepared and that also includes stocking up on your favorite Girl Scout Cookies to last the entire year. Some of you may not have saved your supply, but we know there are freezers and pantries across the country with delicious cookies waiting for their time to shine. Now we know they are perfect just on their own, but we’re sharing some of the incredible recipes from our Sweet Weekend event so you can make these sweet treats yourself using the Girl Scout Cookies already in your stash!
Keep reading to get to the Mixed Berries Toast-Yay! Cobbler recipe!
STOP! We’re interrupting your scrolling for an important message- through the month of July, you can join our Man Enough to be a Girl Scout fundraising challenge. We’re raising money to give the Girl Scout Leadership Experience to more girls in our local communities and the correlation between positive outcomes and the presence of a positive male role model is proven. If you’re man enough to be a Girl Scout or know an awesome guy who is, start a fundraiser here and have the chance to win cool swag, prizes for your girl, and more!
Now onto the recipe!
Are you making this delish recipe? Make sure to follow us on social media and tag us on Facebook and Instagram to be featured. We can’t wait to see what you create!
We recently sat down with long-time Girl Scouts of South Carolina- Mountains to Midlands employee, Chris Bullard to talk about what the Girl Scout Mission means to him personally. We started off our interview asking him what his personal tie is to the Mission and he replied:
When asked how he would describe Girl Scouts to a stranger and the unique value it offers he said:
Join the Girl Scouts of South Carolina Mountains to Midlands first-ever Man Enough competition and raise funds to support Girl Scouting in our council.
Every participant will have their own fundraising page, and as you hit milestones, you’ll earn awesome Girl Scouts gear and virtual badges. And the participant who raises the most money by July 31 will win an overnight camping experience for the troop of their choice!
Girl Scouts of South Carolina – Mountains to Midlands is proud to announce the Medal of Honor has been awarded to Ivey Elizabeth Edwards of Sumter, South Carolina. Ivey’s mother, Jennifer, is especially thankful this holiday season after her daughter saved her life.
Early in the morning on May 13, 2020 Ivey heard the faint sound of her name. She went to her mother’s bedroom and discovered blood on the floor. When Ivey called her mother’s name, Jennifer turned her head and noticed it was covered in blood. Ivey immediately checked to make sure the injuries were not life-threatening.
Jennifer Edwards was diagnosed with Type I Diabetes as a young girl. On this early morning in May her blood sugar had dropped into the teens. Ivey tried to question her mother about her injuries and condition but her mother could not communicate what happened. Ivey realized it was her blood sugar. Her mother could not move and was close to falling into a coma. Ivey’s first priority was to raise her mother’s blood sugar. Ivey quickly fed her mother sugary food and drinks. Then checked her wounds more carefully and determined her mother had bitten her lip all the way through. Once Ivey got her mother’s blood sugar to high enough levels that she could move, Ivey drove her to the emergency room. Because of COVID-19 Ivey was not allowed in the emergency room so she returned home and cleaned in preparation of her mother’s return.
Ivey’s Girl Scout training helped her stay calm. She admits she was not fearless. It was a shocking sight for her. But, Ivey was able to keep a level head and treat efficiently and effectively. The doctor and nurses that treated Jennifer said Ivey saved her mother’s life.
The Girl Scout Medal of Honor is given to a girl who has shown presence of mind and true Girl Scout spirit in saving a life or attempting to save a life under circumstances that indicate heroism.
Jennifer Edwards (Girl Scout Troop Co-Leader) had the pleasure of presenting her daughter, Ivey Edwards with the Girl Scout Medal of Honor.
We’ve all been at home for quite a while now, and there is a good chance you’re looking for something to fill the time with your girls that is productive and uses supplies you likely have at home. If that’s true- paper beads are the perfect activity for you! We recently made them during one of our Girl Scouts Connected all-ages sessions, and they not only allow you to make beautiful art with your girls, but will also allow you to reuse some paper products that may normally be thrown away!
1. Place your paper face down on your work surface so that the side facing you is not the side that will form the outside of the bead.
2. With a sharp pencil mark the reverse side of your paper in the design you’d like to follow to make the bead. (Straight strip, triangle, etc.)
3. Continue marking up the paper until you have the desired number of designs to cut out. To simplify this step, you could make a paper bead template to draw around.
4. Carefully cut out the shapes using scissors or for a more accurate cut use a straight edge and a craft knife or rotary cutter.
5. Take your skewer or dowel and starting at the wide end of your paper sample roll the paper around the skewer slightly so that it starts to form a cylinder. Once you are happy with the alignment roll this back and apply a little glue across the width of the paper.
6. Now carefully roll the paper past the glue and continue as straight as you need for your design.
7. Add glue as you roll, making sure the roll is tight.
8. At the very end, make sure the last inch or two has glue and is firmly down as you finish.
9. Transfer the bead from the skewer or dowel to a toothpick and stick on to a foam block.
10. When you have a good number of beads prepared you should then brush each bead with a few coats of varnish to make them water resistant. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions, but ensure that when touch dry you rotate them on the cocktail stick so they don’t stick when fully dry. Several thin coats over time give a much more polished result than one thick coat. Be patient for the best results!
Are your girls slime obsessed? If they’re between the ages of 5 and 13, there is a good chance the answer is yes. Not only can traditional slime be expensive to make, but it can take up tons of space since kids seem to want to keep it forever. Edible slime is not only cost effective, but since it’s delicious and edible, you don’t have to make space for it because your girls will eat it up! Let’s dive right in and make some edible slime!
1 bag of marshmallows (mini marshmallows melt quickest, but any size will work)
Oil of any kind EXCEPT olive oil
1 pack of powder drink mix
Powdered sugar (1-4 cups depending on marshmallow quantity)
Measuring spoons and stirring utensils
Pour marshmallows into a microwave safe mixing bowl, and add in oil and mix until marshmallows are coated and moist.
Microwave in small increments (we did 10 seconds at a time and stirred each time) until the marshmallows are melty.
Mix marshmallow mixture well and add in powdered sugar and powdered drink mix.
Make sure the mixture is isn’t too hot and then use your hands to keep mixing until the desired consistency and you’re ready to play/eat your slime!
Want more awesome activities, programs, and events? Join in our free virtual programming, Girl Scouts Connected, for more great content for you and your girls!
Have you been following along with our virtual programming series, Girl Scouts Connected? Every weekday, we host multiple virtual programs designed to teach girls important skills, while keeping them engaged and connected in this time of social distancing. If you want to know more about virtual programming, which is free to all girls, head over to our website to register for the next live webinar, or view our archive of past sessions!
During one of our Facebook Live sessions, Outdoor Programs Manager, Lauren Pace led us in a new twist on tie-dye! If you have some extra time on your hands these days, or are just looking for something to get your girls outside or keep them engaged, try ice tie-dye!
Prewash and dry cotton article you will be tie dying.
Soak article in a solution of soda ash or simple table salt for 5 minutes to 1 hour before you plan to tie dye. Make up a solution of ½ cup per gallon of water. You may soak the item rubber banded, ready for tie dye, or un-banded.
After pulling your article from the solution, when you are ready to dye, squeeze the excess solution out so that the article is damp but not dripping.
Rubber band your item in any way you want to create designs. (Look up tie dye designs for more intricate patterns!)
Next take your aluminum foil and cut a piece long enough to wrap around the edge of your item.
Fold your foil down the middle long ways (hotdog) and then again down the middle (hot dog style).
Wrap your foil around the article making a small tower to hold your ice.
Place your item, wrapped in foil, on your rack above your tub (without a tub the dye will drip everywhere and will stain your picnic table or sink!)
Add ice to the top of your item. If you want a stronger color or less movement of dye, add less ice. With more ice, your color will dilute and move through your cotton more.
Using gloves or a plastic bag, open and shake powder dye onto the ice. More dye will result in stronger colors in that area. Be careful when adding colors that will compete and may absorb one another! For example, yellow, orange, and red will compete for space and the red may over power!
Leave ice to melt. You may want to put into the sun, just remember the faster the ice melts, the less time your dye will move around the cotton.
After you have let the dye process for 5-24 hours, using gloves, un- band your article and rinse gently in cool water.
Once the water runs clear with cool water, switch to warm water and finish rinsing the cotton out.
Squeeze the water from the article, dry it with an old towel. Left over dye may bleed on to the towel while it dries.
After it is dry, wash in cold water with a mild detergent. Be sure to wash with other items that you are ok with getting dyed, like old towels.
Spring is in the air! While we’re all itching to get out and celebrate spring and all it means, we have a great way to get in the spirit of warmer weather, nature, and new spring life with your girls right at home. Edible bird nests are as cute as they are delicious and we have the quick and easy recipe for you here:
-15 oz box of shredded wheat, crushed (not frosted) – can substitute a whole 20 oz can of chow mein noodles -One stick of butter -A whole 10 oz bag of marshmallows -Egg shaped Easter candies of your choice
1. Melt the butter in a saucepan. 2. Add the marshmallows and heat until bubbly and the butter is incorporated into the marshmallows. Stir occasionally. 3. Mix in the shredded wheat until all marshmallow mixture is fully blended in. 4. Using a round-shaped scoop, scoop about 1.5 Tbsp of the mixture into a lightly greased muffin pan. Then press the rounded back of the scoop into the dollop of the mixture to form the cup inside the nest. 5. By the time you finish filling the muffin pans, you can remove the nests and place on a tray for display. Fill them with the candy eggs of your choice.
A HUGE thank you to volunteer, Emily Houghton, for leading us in this recipe on Facebook Live and providing the recipe! Have a great recipe or activity for girls to do while practicing safe social distancing guidelines? Send it to Michelle Taylor at email@example.com!
Hey there Girl Scouts! Did you catch our all-ages activity on Facebook Live today? If you didn’t, that doesn’t mean you can’t still get in on the fun and make your own armpit fudge. This quick and silly treat only requires 5 ingredients, a sandwich bag, and an armpit! Here is the recipe in-case you missed it, or just want to refer back to make it again:
50g icing sugar (half a cup)
1 tablespoon butter
2 teaspoons cream cheese
A dash of vanilla essence
2 teaspoons cocoa
Place all ingredients in your sandwich bag and squeeze out all of the air once you’re sure it’s tightly sealed.
Place the bag in your armpit and squish and jiggle it until all the ingredients are well mixed and it has a creamy consistency.
To make it extra tasty, you can add in some extra flavours like raisins, peanut butter, nuts or some M&Ms. The mixture should be ready to eat now, so grab a spoon and enjoy!
We hope this recipe makes a quick, fun, and tasty treat for you and your girls. Make sure to share your photos with us by tagging us on Facebook and Instagram!
It is very rare you hear of three young girls staying together through 13 years of Girl Scouts. Olivia, Sydney, and Jenna are that rare expectation. These three remarkable girls overcame many challenges. A majority of their friends dropped out of Girl Scouts and COVID-19 made it difficult to meet in person. Against all odds, these three dedicated Girl Scouts came out victorious.
It’s more than Girl Scouting that this trio has in common. They are all only children, but are now part of a sisterhood that will last a lifetime. Olivia stated, “Girl Scouts, to me, means I help other people, but I also help myself grow into a bigger and better person. I have grown a sister bond through my small troop. Sisterhood means something very important to me as an only child because I can always count on them when I need someone to be there for me. Girl Scouts affects my meaning of sisterhood tremendously because without Girl Scouts and without Troop 722, I’m not sure I would know what “sisterhood” meant to me.
All three say their mothers were some their biggest supporters in making sure they achieved the goal of finishing. Valerie their troop leader was another monumental supporter and mentor, making sure the girls stayed on track. Olivia said, “Her (Valerie) fairness and her intuition for treating and handling the troop equally among us is probably the most important thing I have learned from her.” Sydney learned, “never give up, no matter how rough it gets. You will always get better, and so will life.” Jenna said Valerie taught her commitment, determination, and perseverance.
Olivia, Sydney, and Jenna all share the same favorite memory. All three went trekking with llamas. They bonded over s’mores and caring for the animals while hiking. They say the memories they made on that trip were unforgettable and added to their experiences as Girl Scouts. Sydney elaborates on how Girl Scouts helps you connect with girls and women of all ages that have similar experiences. Jenna learned true respect through sisterhood. “Girl Scouts is about making lifelong friends and memories, sharing a common bond and teamwork, working independently as well as together to reach our goals. Sydney, Olivia and I, we all have different personalities and interests, yet we learn from each other and respect each other for who we are,” said Jenna.
This impressive troop is now moving forward toward new beginnings and reflecting on what they have learned being a part of Girl Scouts. Sydney says, “Girl Scouts has taught me to be open-minded and creative, so I’m ready to handle anything life throws at me. I’ve learned that having even the smallest impact on anyone else is worth the effort.” Girl Scouts is often seen as camping, cookies and other stereotypical badge, but Girl Scouts has taught me real life situations, how to protect myself and others and most importantly, how to make new friendships,” said Olivia.
These ambitious girls are ready to give advice to the next troop of Girl Scout Daisies. Sydney wants new troops to work hard and be kind because those are the two best thing you can do for yourself and for others. Jenna wants Girl Scout to take advantage of all the opportunities that Girl Scout has to offer, and to enjoy the journey. Olivia says, “go to camps, make swaps, do all the journeys you can.” “I would tell them that some days you may want to stop and quit Girl Scouts because it is not an interest anymore, push till the last of it because it is an award you deserve. I would strongly advise them to work on the Bronze, Silver and Gold Awards because it is their chance of getting a scholarship and also helping out the community. The most important advice I would give to a younger Girl Scout is to always keep in touch with their troop because that is their new family, their new sisters, and their new best friends.
These girls are an astonishing example of unstoppable Girl Scout dedication. No matter where these go-getter girls go, they will always have each other and the memories Troop 722 made together.
The past year has been difficult on everyone, so now more than ever, it is important to support our network around us and our community. Girl Scouts offers a way to do both, by giving a gesture of gratitude and encouragement all while supporting local female leadership.
Girl Scouts of South Carolina- Mountain to Midlands would like to thank Newberry College for purchasing more than 150 cases of Girl Scout Cookies that were gifted to students, faculty and staff. Everyone was given one free box of Girl Scout Cookies by President Scherrens and his administration, which brings joy and supports female entrepreneurship. This was a win-win for Newberry College and the Girl Scouts!
“So many of you have stepped up to work harder and stepped out of your comfort zones to stay the course and make progress towards graduation. To show how much I appreciate you and all you have done, I have a special announcement,” said Newberry College President Maurice Scherrens in a message to students, faculty and staff. “Much like us, Girl Scout Cookie sales have struggled this year, so we are also supporting local Girl Scout Troup #990 and our community.”
Girl Scouts has been teaching girls important entrepreneurial and leadership skills for more than 100 years. Each purchase of Girl Scout Cookies stays local with the troop and its council to continue to empower girls for a lifetime of leadership.
Newberry College shared joy. With its one purchase, there were two recipients that benefitted. To share joy at your organization by supporting your community as well as girls’ success, visit our cookie order form to get connected with a local Girl Scout troop.
Companies can support girls while recognizing their clients, customers, or team members. They are not only giving a tasty treat they are helping prepare girls to empower themselves for a lifetime of leadership skills.
Girl Scouts of South Carolina- Mountains to Midland would like to thank Nephron Pharmaceuticals Corporation for purchasing more than 180 cases of Girl Scout Shortbread Cookies. They plan to gift the cookies to thier hospital customers including nurses, pharmacists, doctors and other essential healthcare workers.
“Providing hospitals with Girl Scout Cookies, we hope, will encourage and lift the spirits of front line workers. We never pass up an opportunity to thank them for their hard work and grace – two things that have inspired us, and so many people across the nation, as they care for those impacted the most by the pandemic.”
Lou Kennedy, CEO, Nephron Pharmaceuticals
Did you know the Girl Scout Cookie Program is the largest girl-led entrepreneurial program in the world?
When you buy delicious Girl Scout Cookies, you’re helping girls power new, unique, and amazing experiences for themselves and their troops—experiences that broaden their worlds, teach them essential skills, and launch them into a lifetime of leadership.
And guess what? Proceeds stay local!
That means you’re not only supporting girls’ success but also the success of your community, all while helping build the next generation of female entrepreneurs. That’s exactly what Nephron Pharmaceuticals did with their purchase and what you can do too! Order cookies for your organization here and support girl while giving joy with cookies!
The next member of our Meet the Board blog series is an engineer who is passionate about getting girls into STEM! Latrice Johnson is a proud Girl Scout Alum, engineer, and a long-time friend of Girl Scouting!
Latrice’s Childhood and Values
“One of the values instilled in me when I was young was to be grateful for what I had because there is always someone out in the world with less. No matter what, I had, I was always taught to share. Today I live this in my day to day life. No matter if it is my time, talent or finances. I live by the verse from Luke 12:48 ‘For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required.'(KJV)”
Most Memorable Girl Scout Experience
“My most memorable Girl Scout experience is going back to the Girl Scout troop that I grew up in (in the Carolina Low Country Girl Scout council) and being the speaker for their Investiture and Rededication Ceremony. I was so honored to be asked and excited to have the opportunity to share some of my Girl Scout experience with the troop. Seeing some of the ladies that I was in Girl Scouts with who now had their children in Girls Scouts was so uplifting and really speaks to the impact that Girl Scouts can have on someone’s life. An impact that is experienced for generations.”
“I work as an engineer and I am passionate about spreading STEM opportunities and education to Black and brown girls in underserved communities. It is extremely important that STEM is integrated into everyday life from childhood and seen as fun. Understanding how things work together to create something else is what got me interested in STEM. It started with taking apart the mechanical pencil in class, then it moved to designing launchers to play games with my friends. For the last 15 years, I have had the opportunity to design multi-million dollar packaging systems all over the world. I want a young girl to look at me and believe they could do so much more.”
Advice to Girls
“Being a good leader requires a listening ear, an open heart, and a curious mind. Listen for understanding, not just to respond. Be open to new and innovative ideas. They will come in different forms and sometimes when you least expect it. Don’t be afraid to ask questions until to you have a clear understanding.”
We hope you’ve enjoyed learning more about board member, Latrice Johnson today! Make sure to join us next week as we highlight two more members of the board as we get to know them better! Want to learn more about our council and ways to get involved? Check out our upcoming events here.
The next member of our Meet the Board blog series is an educator who turned her passion and experience in education and professional development into her own business! Gloria Webb Close is a 2016 Women of Distinction honoree, entrepreneur, and a valuable asset to our board of directors.
“I am from a family of five children, with salt-of-the-earth parents who believed that an education was our ticket to a better life. They made it possible for us all the graduate from college; an opportunity they did not have. I learned to do many things for myself as did my siblings. At the age of 10, my family moved to Asheville where we laid down roots.”
“I own a small consulting firm- Webb-Close Consulting. I provide support for school districts and nonprofits in the areas of college and career readiness, strategic planning, leadership development, curriculum writing, etc. Prior to that, I was Vice Chancellor at USC Spartanburg, Director of Guidance at a large high school, school counselor, grant writer, and librarian.”
Advice to Girls
“Listen, identify wise people, and establish relationships with them. Seek guidance, and be humble.”
“I have always had mentors at various stages of my life…and as a result of the different lessons and wisdom they give me, I will continue to seek help from others. In them I look for their peace of mind, ability to exercise sound judgment, and willingness to listen and love unconditionally. Some of my mentors are women, some are men and they know I look to them.”
We hope you’ve enjoyed learning more about board member, Gloria Webb Close today! Make sure to join us next week as we highlight two more members of the board as we get to know them better! Want to learn more about our council and ways to get involved? Check out our upcoming events here.
The next member of our Meet the Board blog series is a retired teacher who turned her passion for her community into a career in public service as a City Council Woman! Lillian Brock Flemming is a lifetime member, and an amazing asset to our Board of Directors.
“My childhood began on the West side of Greenville, South Carolina nicknamed “the Southernside” because it was anchored by the Southern Railroad. As many other African Americans, I lived across or near the railroad tracks. My parents were originally from Georgia and South Carolina farms.”
Most Memorable Girl Scout Experience
“My most memorable Girl Scout activity was as a Brownie Scout, our troop was able to do a field trip to the Donaldson Air Force Base now called SC-TAC. On that day the site of the large planes which carried bombs and troops gave me a real view of how our military has to prepare to keep our country safe. I will never forget that day and how really small I felt but how safe I also felt to know that our troops were there. My oldest brother had just returned to America after fighting in the Korean Conflict. I got a better look at some of the steps he had to go through as a soldier.”
Career, Education, and Community Service
Lillian is a Greenville native who has served on City Council since 1981. She graduated with honors from Sterling High School and has both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in mathematics education from Furman University. She also received an honorary doctorate of humanities from Furman in September 2014.
In 2017, Lillian retired from Greenville County Schools with 46 years of service, first as a high school mathematics teacher and later, as a professional employment recruiter. She has an equally longstanding record of community service and has served on the boards of a wide array of organizations. She is a past president of the Municipal Association of South Carolina, past president of Greenville Blue Star Mothers-Chapter 3, past board chair of Southernside Block Partnership, Inc. and a charter member of the West End Lions Club.
She currently serves on the boards of Brockwood Senior Housing (named for her mother, Lila Mae Brock), the Boy Scouts of America Blue Ridge Council, AdvanceSC and Upstate Warrior Solutions. Lillian is a lifetime member of the Girl Scouts of SC – Mountains to Midlands and serves on both the board and the personnel committee. She is also a lifetime member of the Greenville branch of the NAACP.
Lillian has received numerous awards and honors throughout her career and tenure on City Council, including Furman University’s Outstanding Alumni Service Award and the United Negro College Fund’s Outstanding Service Award, has been named one of the 100 Most Influential People in the Upstate and has been named one of the 50 Most Influential People in Greenville three times.
Each year, Furman University presents the Lillian Brock Flemming Leadership Award to an outstanding minority student.
(From Lillian’s bio on the City of Greenville’s website)
“The values that were instilled in me from my childhood that I continue to keep in my life now are: work hard, treat others as you want to be treated, care about others, be kind, train up your children in the ways of the Lord, and let your faith be your guide.”
“My greatest mentor was my mother, Lila Mae Brock. She worked two jobs like my Dad and still came home to play with me at night and check my homework. My present-day mentor is Peggy Baxter. A retired health administrator whose heart is for the health of all people especially the poor, the elderly and people of color who are often not given the best of health care. She helps me to do all I can to help those who need help. I cannot stop!”
We hope you’ve enjoyed learning more about board member, Lillian Brock Flemming today! Make sure to join us next week as we highlight two more members of the board as we get to know them better! Want to learn more about our council and ways to get involved? Check out our upcoming events here.
The next member of our Meet the Board blog series is not only an entrepreneur and philanthropist, but a proud Girl Scout Alum! Ruth Cate is a long-standing member of our Board of Directors and is passionate about girls reaching their full leadership potential.
“I grew up the oldest child and only daughter of a Baptist minister and a stay at home mom, back when Baptists were more mainstream than now. My parents always told me I could be anything and do anything. Even with their limited resources, they still had my College and law school money saved and ready for me.”
Most Memorable Girl Scout Experience
“Riding in the parade in our small town on the back of a big truck, sitting on bales of hay and wearing our uniforms.”
“I have my own law firm, devoted to Family Law and I love every minute of it, even when it makes me sad.”
Attorney Ruth Cate is the founder of The Cate Law Firm, a Spartanburg law practice focused exclusively in the area of family law, including divorce, adoption, paternity, custody and related matters in Spartanburg, Cherokee, Greenville and Union counties.Ruth obtained both her B.A. and law degrees in just four and a half years from the University of South Carolina. As an undergraduate at USC’s Honor College, she was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, graduating magna cum laude. While attending law school at the University of South Carolina School of Law, Ruth became the second female page hired by the South Carolina House of Representatives and the House’s first female research assistant.
Ruth began the practice of law after moving to Spartanburg in 1977. She amassed a wide variety of legal experience before founding The Cate Law Firm in 1995 and devoting her practice exclusively to family law. Ruth has developed deep ties to the community of Spartanburg. She has taken on several major leadership roles in the community, including over ten years on the Board of the Spartanburg Chamber of Commerce; two terms on the Board of Governors for the USC Alumni Association; eight and a half years on the Board of Trustees for the Mary Black Foundation, including two years as chair; and over ten years on the Board of Directors of the Girls Scouts – Mountains to Midlands.
“Be dependable, do what you say you are going to do, be on time, pay your bills fast, try not to borrow money. Money in savings is more enjoyable than money spent on unnecessary expenses.”
Advice to Young Women
“Push yourselves, volunteer for anything requested. Think about what needs doing and how can you get it done.”
We hope you’ve enjoyed learning more about board member, Ruth Cate today! Make sure to join us next week as we highlight two more members of the board as we get to know them better! Want to learn more about our council and ways to get involved? Check out our upcoming events here.